Grammar

New PDF release: A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

By Luis López

ISBN-10: 0199557403

ISBN-13: 9780199557400

ISBN-10: 0199557411

ISBN-13: 9780199557417

During this quantity, Luis López sheds new gentle on info constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist software. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer exhibits that notions akin to 'topic' and 'focus', as often outlined, yield no predictions and proposes in its place a characteristic process in accordance with the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He provides an in depth version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay occurs on the section point, with a privileged function for the sting of the section. extra, he investigates phenomena in regards to the syntax of items in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and exhibits that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, autonomous of discourse connectedness. the amount ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.

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Additional resources for A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

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What about languages without an overt partitive clitic? 17) Context: There is no furniture left, is there? Sillas sı´ hay. 17) sillas is fronted. Notice that the example includes the emphatic particle sı´. Could sillas be classiWed as CLLD or FF? 18) Context: You bought chairs, didn’t you? MESAS compre´. 19) Context: You bought the furniture, didn’t you? Las mesas sı´ las compre´. 17) looks more like an instance of CLLD than FF. Additionally, as I discuss in more detail in Chapter 3, CLLDed constituents can be multiple and appear in any order.

In eVect, one can imagine an experiment in which a subject is presented with a list of sentences and a list of ‘‘intentions’’ and asked to pair them up. If this experiment is carried out and systematic results obtained, then the circularity mentioned in the main text would be avoided. As I write these lines, I am not aware of such an experiment. 2 As a matter of fact, I am skeptical that the word ‘‘intention’’ can be used meaningfully when talking about these phenomena. If I say ‘‘I’ll meet you in the oYce at 3:00’’, the hearer does infer an intention on my part.

In essence, FF, CLLD, and CLRD are sentence grammar rules submitted to speciWc sentence grammar rules of interpretation. The freedom of HTLD comes precisely from being outside sentence grammar, thus heavily relying on context for interpretation. The Wnal section brieXy discusses the connection between stress and focus in English, suggesting that focus is not predictable from stress. Most of the discussion in this chapter revolves around Catalan. However, as far as I know, the results hold also of Peninsular Spanish and Italian.

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A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure by Luis López


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